Sing Him a new song; play sweetly with shouts of joy. PSALMS 33:3 (The Israel Bible™)
Music has always played a significant role in the Bible. The earliest instruments are mentioned in Sefer Bereishit (4:21). Moshe and the Jewish people sing a great song of gratitude after the splitting of the sea, and Israel sings a similar song after being saved from peril in the desert (Numbers 21:17). Priests and Levites use instruments on holidays to signal important meetings for the camp. Elisha asks for a harpist in order to receive the divine word (II Kings 3:15). But above all, King David is the musician par excellence, who would play his instrument to soothe the soul of Shaul (I Samuel 16:23). Later, he composes music, writes psalms and even invents new instruments to be used in the Beit Hamikdash (I Chronicles 23:5).