King David

The ancient Israelites were a pastoral people, and there were many shepherds among them. Grazing sheep, goats and other domestic animals was the profession of many biblical figures, including the patriarchs Abraham and Jacob, the Twelve Tribes, Moses, David and the prophet Amos. Metaphorically, the term “shepherd” is also used many times in the Bible to denote God.

A recent study into carbon dating may reset the archaeological timeline, adding fuel to an ongoing debate as to whether King David ruled over a large unified kingdom or whether he was a tribal chieftain.